Atomic Bomb Physical Damage, Blast Effect, Hiroshima, 03/13/1946 - 04/08/1946
Publication date 1946-03-13
Usage Public Domain Mark 1.0
Topics WWII, World War, 1939-1945, United States. Army Air Forces, World War, 1939-1945 -- Japan, World War II, Atomic Bomb, Hiroshima-shi (Japan) -- History -- Bombardment, 1945, A-bomb, Hiroshima-shi (Japan)
National Archives description: "MS Looking NE in a window in the N side of building 59, Higashi Police Station, showing the effect of blast 1/8" roll-type steel shutters. Their entire frames were forced by blast into the interior of the building. This is the only incident observed in which the interior of a modern building was not destroyed by fire. This building is located approx. 4050 feet from zero at 89 degrees. MCU Showing the distorted roll-type shutter, displaced window frame and the flash burned area of the shutter. The shutters which were closed at the time of bombing absorbed impact of the blast with the result that the "chicken" wire glass cracked but did not shatter. The point inside of the steel shutters blistered (large bubbles 1/2" in diameter) as result of the heat transmitted through the steel. MLS Establishing shot. Tree suspended in the crotch of another tree. Located approx. 1375 feet from zero at 307 degrees. MS Closer shot to show base of tree from which the upper portion is now suspended in the crotch. MS Tombstone in cemetery located 1325 feet from zero (near above scene) shows effect of blast powerful enough to move cope stone, while far background tree with another tree suspended in crotch. MLS Another tombstone, 1325 feet from zero. MS Shows effect of compression on concrete well cover. Each slab on concrete approx. 3" thick which was suspended on an "I" beam. The diameter of well is 7 feet downward displacement at the point of greatest displacement is 6-1/2". Location of well approx. 3375 feet from zero at 246 degrees. MS Closer shot. MLS Building 289, located approx. 8425 feet from zero at 216 degrees, a two-story wooden structure with stucco like interior. Blast wave hit the N end as shown. LS Building 1, SW corner of the two-story structure of reinforced concrete with brick panels, located 700 feet from zero at 336 degrees (slight over-exposed). MLS Same as above. Shows the S corner of building in a state of collapse. The wood frame which formed the southern extension has completely disappeared. CU Same as above, looking at interior showing horizontal beams and reinforced concrete. MLS Looking NE western side of building 3 fromer transformer station, located approx. 875 feet from zero at 335 degrees. LS Same as above, mass of twisted steel and rubble. LS Building, located approx. 700 feet from zero at 335 degrees, shows effect of downward blast to concrete roof. LS Looking E west side of building 7, two-story reinforced concrete frame structure with brick load bearing walls, located 500 feet from zero at 105 degrees. LS Looking E west side of building 8, located approx. 500 feet from zero at 115 degrees. Reinforced concrete frame structure effected by blast and subsequently gutted by fire. LS Looking E west side of a two-story brick load bearing wall structure which was structurally damaged by blast, located approx. 600 feet from zero at 136 degrees. A series of shots of building 10, located approx. 600 feet from zero at 136 degrees, shows effect of blast to entire building. LS Building 2, located approx. 750 feet from zero at 346 degrees, two shots showing effect of blast. LS Building 9, located 775 feet from zero at 104 degrees, looking N showing the S and E face of a 2-1/2 story reinforced concrete frame structure with brick panels which was superficially effected by blast and destroyed by fire. LS Building 6, located 550 feet from zero at 83 degrees, showing concrete frame with brick panels which was only superficially effected by blast. MLS Building 7, located 500 feet from zero at 105 degrees, showing the S and E faces of the building whose W wall was displaced by blast which resulted in structural damage to the second floor. MC Building 7 collapse of second floor as seen when looking at the S and W walls. MC Pan R to L showing the failure of the SE and W wall. The intact N wall still standing. LS Looking at building 8, 500 feet from zero at 115 degrees, showing the S and E faces of the building which was structurally damaged by blast. CU Interior of the building, 2nd floor showing the collapse of the main steel member which supported the reinforced concrete roof. MC Looking SW showing SE corner of roof which collapsed and the concrete railing on the E side which has been displaced by blast. LS Building 10, located 600 feet from zero at 136 degrees, showing the E face. LS Looking W at building 11, located 625 feet from zero at 140 degrees, showing the S and E face of the building and the E walls of building 10. A series of two shots SW corner of building 10 showing the cracks in the wall which have resulted the displacement of building by blast. MLS Looking N showing the E face of building 14 destroyed. A portion of building 13 and building 12 in the background. MLS Looking N at the E face of building 14 showing a structure which was effected by blast and gutted by fire, whose shell now holds a wooden frame structure which is used as as bank. LS Looking E, building 26 located 2200 feet from zero at 170 degrees, showing W and S faces which were only superficially damaged by blast but whose interior was destroyed by fire. LS Looking E, building 27, Public Library, located 2325 feet from zero at 172 degrees, showing W face which received superficial damage but was consumed by fire. Looking NE, S and W faces of building 28, 3150 feet from zero at 177 degrees, which was superficially damaged by blast and whose interior was destroyed by fire. MLS Looking E showing a collapsed brick wall which is 4 feet N of the destroyed Agriculture Building, located 3700 feet from zero at 178 degrees. CU Looking E showing the NE corner of the brick wall which is still standing. MCU A replaced air raid siren on the roof of the City Hall which is now used to indicate the hour of the day. Also shown is a window in which damaged steel casement has been replaced by a wooden frame. MS W wall of a vault which once formed the interior of a wooden frame structure destroyed. Japanese laborer digging through charred records which he retreived from the vault in foreground. MS Showing the side section of fire truck, located 3675 feet from zero at 179 degrees, which was immobilized by fire. A series of shots showing immobilized fire equipment, located approx. 3900 feet from zero at 184 degrees, of the local Hook and Ladder and Pump Co. Scenes include the destroyed Magirus Ladder truck (German made) and Pump truck. Firemen are searching for salvage. MLS High shot. Same as previous scene, overall view of fire-fighting equipment immobilized which included the fire house and all equipment. LS Looking NE at W and S faces of building 21, located 1275 feet from zero at 113 degrees, showing structural damage. LS Looking NE showing W and S faces of building 20, located 925 feet from zero at 109 degrees. This building was superficially damaged by blast and its interior was destroyed by fire. LS Looking E showing W and S faces of building 19 (Sumitomo Bank) located 1925 feet from zero at 126 degrees. The external appearance seems to show superficial damage but actually wide-spread structural damage had resulted from the collapse of the dome. The interior section was destroyed by fire. LS Looking E showing face of building 18 (Geibi Bank), located 975 feet from zero at 100 degrees, which was superficially damaged by blast and gutted by fire. MLS Looking E at building 21, located 2175 feet from zero at 113 degrees, showing structural damage to the W side of the roof. MCU NW corner of a small reinforced concrete structure showing damage to the N wall and roof. The wall has been bowed in and the roof is in a state of partial collapse. CU The NW corner of the roof and the W wall. MCU Looking N at a reinforced concrete wall adjacent to building 21 which is a state of partial collapse as a result of blast. MCU W wall of building 21 showing the complete collapse of the roof and the displacement and distortion of the W wall. LS Looking NW showing S and E face of building 44, located 1800 feet from zero at 109 degrees, at a two-story reinforced concrete frame and brick panel structure which served as a bank. MS Looking NW showing the E and S roof railings which have been displaced by blast. Two granite pillars remain of the W railing. MS Looking NW, the intact W roof railing; the partially displaced S roof railing. LS Looking N, S and E face of building 45, a three-story brick load bearing structure. MS Looking N, radial crack on W side of the S wall. LS Looking SE at the Emperor's Picture Shrine, located 2850 feet from zero at 166 degrees, showing the displaced roof. LS Looking E at the W face of what was once the Auditorium of the first Hiroshima High School, now a mass of rubble. MLS Looking NE at a monument erected to the victims killed in the Atomic bombing of the Hiroshima First Boy's High School. LS Looking E at the S side of the swimming pool showing the displacement of granite blocks, size 4' X 1' X 5'. MLS Looking N showing the displacement of granite blocks along eastern edge and SE corner of the meter pool. LS Looking N showing debris which is all that remains of the First Boy's High School which was consumed by fire. In the background is building 43, Telephone Exchange. LS Looking W at the remains of the school. In the background are the Public LIbrary and the Electric Company. MLS Two-story wooden frame structure in the Technical College Compound, located 6425 feet from zero at 173 degrees. Shows the effect of blast on the SE corner of the building. MS Looking NE showing the partial collapse of a single story wooden frame structure which served as a chemistry lab. This building is located 6650 fet from zero at 177 degrees. This view emphasizes downward pressure and weakness of the vertical columns of the structure. MLS Looking SE at the W end of a two-story wooden frame structure in state of complete collapse located 6725 feet from zero at 176 degrees. LS A building located 6800 feet from zero at 178 degrees showing the W and S face of a two-story wooden frame structure, whose roof is displaced and whose upper section slants toward the N. MLS Looking N at the S end of a two-story wooden frame structure shows S end is completely collapsed leaving the N wall reasonably intact. MLS Looking SE showing the N face of a single story wooden frame structure, located 6950 feet from zero at 176 degrees, whose roof is resting on the ground. LS Looking W showing S wall of a two-story wooden frame structure located 6875 feet from zero at 178 degrees. This view shows the reverse angle of the undulating. MLS Showing collapse of the S face of building 211F. LS Looking N showing E corner of building 211F and adjacent to it is 211D. The framework of both buildings slant toward the W. LS Looking NE at two single story wooden frame structures, located 6925 feet from zero at 174 degrees. Both structures are in a state of collapse. MS Interior of building 62B shows effect of blast to the brick load bearing structure. MLS Looking N, three concrete fire walls, located 4150 feet from zero at 37 degrees, shows completeness of destruction. Buildings were formerly Military Barracks. MLS Two doors on the S wall of single story reinforced concrete structure showing the effect of positive pressure. Lightly reinforced concrete panel on the left W side has been bowed inward, sides have been torn from door. The panel of the center door has been bowed slightly inward and exhibits characteristic X-shaped cracks. MCU Showing the N side of a structure which was effected by negative pressure. LS Looking S showing the E and N face of a former communications building. This building is a four-story reinforced concrete structure, located 4900 feet from zero at 43 degrees, which was superficially effected by blast and gutted by fire. LS Looking N showing the W and S of a two-story reinforced concrete structure, former broadcasting station, located 3400 feet from zero at 83 degrees, which was superficially effected by blast and gutted by fire. LS Looking E showing the W face of a two-story lightly reinforced concrete block (6-1/2" X 13" X 17") which has bowed inward by blast. This building is located 3650 feet from zero at 80 degrees. LS Looking NE showing the W and S face of the two-story lightly reinforced concrete block. MLS Same as above looking NE showing the S face, shows the bowing effect of blast on both wall and door. CU Same as above, looking N showing the vault doors (S wall) which have been bowed in by blast. MLS Looking E along the roof and railing of the N wall showing its distortion. LS Looking N at the S side of reinforced concrete structure, located 5900 feet from zero at 354 degrees, designed as a fireproof warehouse which has been effected by blast. MCU Showing effect of blast on the westernmost reinforced concrete panel on the S wall, which has been bowed as a result of the blast. MCU The center panel on the S wall which has also bowed in. LS Looking NE showing the S and W faces of building 74, located 6100 feet from zero at 357 degrees, a two-story reinforced concrete structure which was superficially effected by blast and gutted by fire. LS Looking SE showing the W face of a single story light steel frame structure which was covered by corrugated metal. Building 78 is located 5875 feet from zero at 101 degrees. MLS Looking E showing the S and W faces of the structure which was part of the Standard Oil sub-station portraying the effect of blast on the corrugated metal sides despite the protection afforded it by the light steel frame fence similarly covered with corrugated metal. CU A section of corrugated metal fence showing the manner in which blast has twisted the metal around the framework of the light steel fence. Variation in color of the corrugated metal is explained by the fact that only the ridge of the metal was flash burned leaving the throws in their original color. MCU Distorted corrugated metal, wrapped around the framework of the fence. LS Looking NE showing a Shell Oil Sub-station, located 5875 feet from zero at 3 degrees. This view shows two-story and a single story reinforced concrete structure, each of which was superficially damaged by blast. MCU Looking NE showing the S side of a concrete slab fence which was displaced by blast. This fence is located in the SW section of the sub-station. MLS Several shots showing the remains of destroyed machinery. LS Looking W showing the E and N wooden frame structure. The northern bay has collapsed and the center bay is partially collapsed and the third bay is only superficially damaged. This building is located 12,675 feet from zero at 218 degrees. MLS Looking SW showing the E and N faces of the northernmost bay which has collapsed. MLS Looking NW showing S and E faces of the two southernmost bays showing the diminishing effext of blast at this distance. MLS Looking W from top of building 89 at the E side of the N end of building 88, located 9425 feet from zero at 223 degrees, showing the effect of blast on this single story wooden truss building with plaster on metal lathe walls. This building received considerable protection from blast by building 89. MLS Looking N showing the undulating and displaced roof looking N along the S side of building 88. LS Looking N showing southern portion of a two-story structure which was formerly a section of Anelite Geisha House of Hiroshima Geisha district located 3050 feet from zero at 249 degrees." National Archives Identifier: 64521
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